Could ignorance of illness be better for mental health?

posted on 21 Jun 2014 09:19 by yummyastronomy996


By Shereen Lehman

NEW YORK Tue Jun 17, 2014 1:36pm EDT

NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - People who don't know they have health problems rate their own health as good, according to a new study, but their self-image worsens when they're aware of their diagnosis.

Based on a large population survey in Norway, the authors say that increased use of screenings, more sensitive tests and widening diagnostic criteria may cause unexpected harm because poor self-rated health is tied to a greater risk of death.

Although early detection of disease can be important for treatment, the authors write in the journal BMJ Open, "disease-labeling" may cause problems by altering a person's perception of their own wellbeing.

"We know ever more people are being labeled, owing to more screening, lower diagnostic thresholds, commercial - and non-commercial - health campaigns and so on," Pal Jorgensen said. "Self-rated health is shown, several times, to be inversely associated with mortality."

Jorgensen, who led the new study, is a public health researcher at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology in Trondheim.

"It is also an important aspect in the increasing attention and discussion of overdiagnosis; people being labeled with disease, but where treatment does not lower mortality," Jorgensen told Reuters Health in an email.

Overdiagnosis generally refers to diagnosing and treating early or minor conditions that may never have progressed to cause a problem. This can include the controversial practice of diagnosing "pre-disease" states, such as slightly elevated blood sugar that falls short of diabetes (see Reuters Health story of May 6, 2011, here: reut.rs/1qoMlBk).

To gauge the effect of being diagnosed with disease on a person's perception of their own health, Jorgensen and his colleagues analyzed data on 33,734 adults between the ages of 40 and 70 who were surveyed and medically tested in the mid-1990s in Norway.

The researchers were interested in connections between how the participants answered the simple question "How is your health at the moment?" and whether or not they were aware of having specific health conditions, including diabetes, thyroid disease and high blood pressure.

The researchers used the medical testing data to determine if people actually had any of those three conditions, and found that people with diagnosed illness were less likely to say they were in good health.

But people with undiagnosed illnesses were more likely to say their health was good than people without those illnesses.

For instance, women who knew they had hypothyroidism were less likely to report good health than women without thyroid disease, but women who didn't know they had thyroid problems were 84 percent more likely to believe they were healthy than women who didn't have thyroid disease.

Similarly, people with undiagnosed severe hypertension were more likely to report good health compared to participants with normal blood pressure readings.

And, in general, participants who didn't know they had diabetes or mild to moderate hypertension were just as likely as people without the disorders to believe they were in good health.

"We were surprised that many persons with disease, without knowledge about this fact, reported their self-rated health as good, sometimes even more often than healthy people," Jorgensen said. "The fact that persons with acknowledged disease report their health as poor was not unexpected."

It's important to note that the study relied on self-reported information, which may not be completely accurate, and that studies like this can't prove that knowing about a health condition actually causes a person to feel they're in poor health, the authors caution.

It's possible that people who don't know about their conditions are more optimistic and worry less in general so they're just less likely to go to the doctor for check-ups or when they have vague symptoms, Jorgensen and his colleagues write.

Jorgensen said that people should be concerned and ask critical questions, like whether health screening will do them any good or improve their chances to live longer.

"The main effects of check-ups are more people defined as sick, more people undergoing treatment, without lowered mortality," he added.

Dr. Otis Brawley, chief medical officer of the American Cancer Society and author of "How We Do Harm: A Doctor Breaks Ranks About Being Sick in America," told Reuters Health the researchers are right on target.

"We've got data to show that depression and suicide increases in men who are known to have an elevated PSA, not men who have prostate cancer but men who have an elevated PSA that merits an evaluation for prostate cancer," he said.

People think early detection can only be good and they don't know that giving someone a diagnosis or label can be harmful, he said.

"So I think we need to think about these things, but we also need to have a more positive attitude about the early detection of some of these diseases," he said.

Neither expert suggested that genuine illness should go untreated.

Brawley said he would prefer that a patient and doctor know about any health problems so they could work through them.

"If I've got someone who's got mild diabetes or metabolic syndrome I might actually be able to work with that patient and actually get them to a near-normal state," he said.

SOURCE: bit.ly/1p6yFrM BMJ Open, online May 28, 2014.

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Linden Method Review

posted on 13 Jun 2014 12:50 by yummyastronomy996


Having a behavioural disorder like anxiety will make your lifetime miserable. Even though this form of disorder just isn't life-threatening, it can affect you in so many ways. This disorder is triggered using the start of sudden fears or overcominganxietydisorder.org tremors even if that situation is not happening in any respect. Since this is a behavioural disorder, it affects someone read more about their emotional and social interaction. It is like his or her world becomes so small that they or %LINK% she has difficult time to move and everything will fall on her or him.

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Preventing And Correcting Erectile Dysfunction

posted on 07 Jun 2014 19:58 by yummyastronomy996


Although it is a topic that most men are reluctant to discuss, erectile dysfunction will affect approximately 85% of adult males at least once during the course of their lifetime. Male sexual dysfunction can cause depression, loss of self-esteem and relationship problems, which in turn negatively affect sexual function, leading to a vicious cycle that may be difficult to escape. The good news is that proper penis health care, which includes a regimen of good nutrition, exercise and daily treatment with a penis health crme containing natural vitamins and moisturizers (health professionals recommend Man1 Man Oil) can help to prevent impotence and restore healthy sexual function.

What causes erectile dysfunction?

Erectile dysfunction is, quite simply, the inability to achieve an erection or to sustain one long enough to complete sexual intercourse through ejaculation. Sexual arousal is a complex process, and there are many factors which can affect a man's sexual performance; erectile dysfunction can be symptomatic of a wide range of emotional or physical problems. Some of the most common causes of impaired sexual function are as follows:

o Poor cardiovascular health: In order for an erection to occur, the penis must become engorged with blood; heart and circulatory problems can prevent the blood flow that is needed to achieve an erection and maintain it long enough to complete sexual intercourse.

o Obesity: Being overweight can affect many important bodily functions, including sexual arousal. Too much body fat can also affect a man's stamina, making it difficult to sustain the energy needed for successful sex.

o Stress, depression, and other mental health problems: Stress plays a big role in the types of hormones that are present in the body. Men who are experiencing mental health issues such as stress, depression or anxiety may have lower-than-normal levels of the hormones that are needed to trigger an erection.

o Emotional problems and partner conflict: The emotions are also important for triggering sexual arousal; men who are having relationship problems may find it difficult to achieve an erection for long enough to complete sexual intercourse.

o Smoking, drugs and alcohol use: The chemicals found in smoking tobacco, as well as in alcohol and recreational drugs, interfere with the complex physiological process that is needed to trigger an erection.

o Loss of penile sensation: Over time, aggressive sex and masturbation can lead to toughened, calloused skin in some men, causing a loss of sensation that is needed to stimulate sexual arousal.

Are prescription drugs the answer for treating erectile dysfunction?

While the prescription drugs that have become so popular for treating erectile dysfunction over the last few decades may be able to help some men, they can cause numerous unpleasant or even dangerous side effects and should not be considered a long-term solution. The best way to treat erectile dysfunction is to discover the underlying cause. While it is normal to experience occasional impotence, men who have chronic or recurring problems with sexual arousal should seek the advice of a medical professional.

How to avoid penis conditions that may lead to loss of sexual function

The best way to prevent penis problems such as erectile dysfunction is to maintain a healthy lifestyle by eating a balanced diet, limiting alcohol consumption, drinking plenty of water, and avoiding the use of tobacco products; it is also important to choose sexual partners with care. In addition, it is suggested that a penis health crme, (health professionals recommend Man1 Man Oil) containing penis-specific vitamins, minerals and other essential nutrients be used daily to moisturize the skin and protect the penis from bacterial or fungal infections and environmental contaminants that may lead to more serious penis health issues.

By: John Dugan

Article Directory: http://www.articledashboard.com

For additional information on most common penis health issues, penis specific creme and tips on improving penis sensitivity, and what to do to maintain a healthy penis, visit: www.penishealth101.com John Dugan writes about men's health issues and is an ongoing contributing writer to numerous online web sites.